Meghalaya - Scotland of East
Scotland of the East. Tucked away in the hills of eastern sub-Himalayas is Meghalaya, one of the most beautiful state in the country. Nature has blessed her with abundant rainfall, sun-shine, virgin forests, high plateaus, tumbling waterfalls, crystal clear rivers, meandering streamlets and above all with sturdy, intelligent and hospitable people.
Carved from the erstwhile State of Assam, Meghalaya became a full fledged State on January 21,1972. Bounded on the North and East by Assam and on the South and West by Bangladesh, Meghalaya is spread over an area of 22, 429 square kilometers.
Shillong, the capital of Meghalaya is located at an altitude of 1496 metres above sea level. Shillong, which was made Assam's capital in 1874, remained so till January 1972, following the formation of Meghalaya. The capital city derives its name from the manifestation of the creator called Shyllong.
Civilization - Meghalaya's main ethnic communities, each having its own distinctive customs and cultural traditions are the Khasis (of Mon-Khmer ancestry), the Garos (of Tibeto-Burman origin) and the Jaintias said to be from South East Asia. The common trait binding all three communities is its matrilineal system in which the family linage is taken from the mother's side.
Languages - People of Meghalaya speak Khasi, Pnar, Garo,Hindi & English.
Festivals - The festivals celebrated in Meghalaya is very colourful & enjoyable with ethinic dances. It is broadly categorized under 3 tribes (Khasis/Jaintias/Garos).
- Festivals in the Garo Hills - Wangala/ Doregata Dance/ Chambil mesara or Pomelo Dance.
- Festivals in the Khasi Hills- Nongkrem Dance/ Shad Suk Mynsiem.
- Festivals in Jaintia Hills- Behdienkhlam/ Lahoo Dance.
Special Interest for Travelers focuses - Overwhelmingly beautiful of the state where everything is impossibly green and alive. The rolling mists in the valleys, the undulating hills, numerous lakes, waterfalls, caves, sacred forests, exotic flora and fauna, together with the unique and interesting destination are worth visiting.
Destinations - The noted locations for travelers are Shillong Peak, Sohpetbneng Peak, Ward's Lake(Nan Polok or Polok's Lake), Umiam Lake, Botanical Garden, Lady Hydari Park, Golf Course, State Museum, Bishop and Beadon Falls, Elephant Falls, Spread Eagle Falls,Don Bosco Museum, Sweet Falls, Crinoline Falls, Diengiei Peak, Dwarksuid, Kyllang Rock, Sacred Forest Mawphlang, Cherrapunjee (Sohra), Noh Kalikai Falls, Kshaid Dain Thlen Falls, Mawsynram, Jakrem, Ranikor, Dawki, Nongkhnum island, Thadlaskein Lake, Megalithic Remnants- Nartiang, Syndai village, Tura Peak, Imilchang Dare, Balpakram- National Wildlife Park, Naphak Lake, Siju Caves
Sports & Adventure - For travelers seeking adventure - trekking, camping, caving, rock climbing, water sports are the ultimate destinations in the state.
Traditional shopping - It is a major focus for travelers around the corner of the state like- crowded bazars for trendy souvenirs. Goods buys include mounted butterflies, handwoven shawls, orange honey, black mushrooms, Khasi dresses for women, pineapple, orange and other fruit products.
Mesmerizing Meghalaya will always be the Scotland of the East.